5. Marge Piercy, "The Grand Coolie Damn," pp. 421-38, Sisterhood Is Powerful, ed. Robin Morgan (New York: Random House, 1970), p. 430.
* The Fourteenth Amendment, ratified in 1868, has five sections, the first of which is crucial here, the second of which is interesting. Section 1: "All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws." The second section guarantees the vote to all males. It was purposely written to exclude women. Even though women have subsequently been given the vote, laws in the United States routinely abridge the privileges and immunities of women and deprive women of liberty and property (there are still states in which married women cannot own property on their own)--and women do not have equal protection of the laws. The fetus, once legally a "person," would have all the protections guaranteed by this amendment but not in practice extended to women. The Equal Rights Amendment was in large part an effort to extend the protections of the Fourteenth Amendment to women.9. Morgan, ed., Sisterhood Is Powerful, p. 159.
10. Jim Douglass, "Patriarchy and the Pentagon Make Abortion Inevitable," Sojourners, November 1980, p. 8.
** Except when the mother's life is at stake in the original version (Hyde's version); as amended in the Senate, also in cases of rape and incest.